PARCO

 

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness

In the period February 28 – March 2nd, 2005, more than one hundred representatives of donors and partner countries involved in development cooperation, international development organizations, and private industrial sector and civil society, met in Paris at the forum of high profile, so they would critically comprehend the effectiveness of international assistance. This international forum gathered ministers of developed and developing countries, directors of international agencies and other senior officials who expressed readiness and committed their countries and organizations to continuation of increase of efforts in effective provision of assistance and optimization of its division. As a result, the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness was adopted.

Declaration, whose signatories are all big donors and governments who receive donor assistance, presents a continuation of the Rome Declaration from 2003, which set the basics for harmonization, coordination and strategic approach to division of international assistance. Paris declaration sets out agenda with an objective of increase in effectiveness and efficiency of assistance through reducing duplication, reducing transaction expenses and wrong direction of assistance. The essence of declaration is dedication of donors through assistance to governments of developing countries in formulation and implementation of national development plans, using systems of beneficiary countries for identification of priorities, planning and implementation, wherever it is possible. Three reasons because of which it is expected that this declaration will significantly contribute to increase of effects of assistance are:

1.  Paris declaration goes beyond all previous agreements: in the sense that it presents practical, action – oriented road map for improvement of quality of assistance and its impact on development;

2.   Twelve indicators for monitoring of progress in achievement of results: established by declaration, these indicators of effectiveness of assistance present the basis for monitoring and encouragement of progress through establishment of deeper and more comprehensive partnership;

3. Paris declaration creates stronger mechanisms of accountability: declaration promotes model of partnership which increases transparency and accountability for usage of development resources. It is requested that the assistance becomes truly efficient, stronger and more balanced, with mechanisms of accountability which are being requested on different levels – international and state level, through joint work and fulfillment of taken obligations.

Declaration identifies 56 obligations stemming from the partnership, developed in the spirit of mutual responsibility and based on learned lessons and experience. Obligations are interpreted in the light of specific situation in every one of the partnership countries, and they are organized around five key principles:

  • Ownership: Partnership countries effectively manage their development policies and Strategies, and coordinate development activities
  • Integration: Donors base their overall support on state development strategies, institutions and procedures of the partnership countries
  • Harmonization: Donor activities are more harmonized, more transparent and collectively more effective
  • Management directed towards results: Resource management and improvement of the decision making process with an objective of achieving results
  • Mutual responsibility: Donors and partners are responsible for development results.

Although demands for responsibility are currently most often bigger and more complicated for the developing countries than for donors, the assistance is significantly more effective when partnership countries take over strongly and effectively the leadership through their development policies and strategies. Because of that, the principle of ownership is a basic rule which supports the Paris Declaration.

All the main donors, including those that help the public administration reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina, accept the Paris Declaration as a basis and a work programme. Here you can see the Action Plans for increase in effectiveness of assistance, which have been brought as a response to obligations stipulated by the Declaration by the Sida , the DfID and the European Commission .

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